Category: Glossary

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Glossary T-W

T – W (Updated regularly) Tri Hita Karana : derived from the word tri, hita and karana. Tri means three, hita means prosperity/happiness and karana means cause so altogether tri hita karana means 3 causes/reasons/factors to prosperity. They are harmonious relationship with the God (parhyangan), nature (palemahan) and …

Glossary K-L

K – L (update periodically) Kulkul : kentungan in Bahasa Indonesia, kulkul is a traditional communication tool which still use in Bali. As an announcement tool for many occasions, the sound from the kulkul is differed by hitting intensity. Hitting with slower tempo has different meaning if it …

Glossary H-I-J

H – I – J (Updated periodically) Hanoman : one of the main figures in Ramayana story. Hanoman is a white monkey which helps Rama against king Dasamuka. They go the kingdom of Alengka, where Dasamuka hostages Dewi Sita (Rama’s wife). Hanoman : salah satu tokoh dalam cerita Ramayana. …

Glossary C-D

C – D (update periodically) Canang, canang sari (pronunciation ‘chanang’) : according to the late Ida Pedanda Gede Made Gunung, a Hindu priest, “canang” derived from the Kawi language. ‘Ca’ means beauty and ‘nang’ means  purpose. Chanang made from coconut leave and some flowers upon it. Chanang is used in …

Glossary E-G

E – G (Updated periodically) Eka Dasa Rudra : is the biggest tawur agung ceremony which occurs every 100 years when the last two number in Saka Bali calendar reach 0 (zero). The ceremony is intended to praying for the balance in nature and keep people away from disaster …

Glossary R-S

R – S (updated periodically) Rahina : see rahinan ; lihat rahinan Rahinan : derived from the word rahina which means day or light, rahinan or rerahinan is an auspicious day to connect and praying/worship to God. Rahinan : berasal dari kata rahina yang berarti hari atau terang, rahinan atau rerahinan adalah hari baik untuk menghubungkan diri …

Glossary A-B

A – B (update periodically) Acintya : is another name to call the almighty God in Bali Hindu beliefs besides the popular one: Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa. Acintya means something that cannot imagined and cannot think of. Acintya : merupakan nama lain untuk menyebut Tuhan Yang Maha Esa selain …

Glossary O-P

O – P (updated periodically) Odalan : also known as piodalan or pujawali, is a celebration of holy day in a temple. In general, it occurs every 210 days based on wuku or pawukon in Bali calendar system. However, some temples celebrate their holy day based on sasih, which …

Glossary M-N

M – N (updated periodically) Mahayu Jagat : derived from the word hayu which means rahayu or safe/good luck and jagat which means jagat alit (human world) and jagat ageng (the universe). Mahayu Jagat procession usually is held along with marisuda gumi ritual. Mahayu Jagat : berasal dari kata hayu yang artinya …